In this paper the role of dramatic play was examined as a means of developing primary school students’ self-concept. A research study was conducted in 8 public primary school classrooms. The data collected were from 141 children aged 8 to 11 (66 boys, 75 girls) in an experimental process of pre and post testing, using Harter’s scale of measuring self-concept. Statistical analyses of the research data revealed that: (1) dramatic play activities have positive effect on the reinforcement of the primary school students’ self-concept and (2) the positive influence of dramatic play is not related to the age of students since the research expectations were finally confirmed in all research samples. Thus, more attention should be paid to a dramatic play-based curriculum in primary education if a child’s self-concept development is to be facilitated.